Phase 1 dose-escalation study of momelotinib, a Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor, combined with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
Purpose Preclinical evidence suggests the importance of Janus activating kinase (JAK) and TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of momelotinib (MMB), a JAK1/2 inhibitor with additional activity against TBK1, plus albumin-bound paclitaxel + gemcitabine (nab-P + G), in patients with previously untreated metastatic PDAC. Experimental Design Patients were enrolled into five cohorts of increasing doses of MMB between 100 and 200 mg administered once or twice daily in combination with nab-P + G in 28-day cycles to determine maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics were assessed for all patients. Results Twenty-five patients were enrolled. Dose-limiting toxicities of Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 1 patient each in the 100 and 200 mg MMB once-daily dose groups. MTD was not reached. The 200 mg MMB twice-daily was the maximum administered dose. Objective response rate was 28% (all partial responses), and 13 (52%) patients had a best response of stable disease. The most common adverse events (AEs) were fatigue (80%), nausea (76%), and anemia (68%). Grade 3 or 4 AEs, most commonly neutropenia (32%), were reported by 88% of patients, of which 44% were considered related to MMB. Pharmacokinetic analyses showed MMB concentrations were too low for TBK1 inhibition. Conclusions MMB was safe and well tolerated in combination with nab-P + G. As no OS or PFS benefit vs nab-P + G was apparent in context of suboptimal engagement of the target TBK1, this study does not support further development of MMB as a first-line therapy in pancreatic cancer.
Investigational new drugs
Ng, Kimmie; Hendifar, Andrew; Starodub, Alexander MD; Chaves, Jorge; Yang, Yingsi; Koh, Brian; Barbie, David; Hahn, William C; and Fuchs, Charles S, "Phase 1 dose-escalation study of momelotinib, a Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor, combined with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma." (2019). Oncology Publications. 32.