Background: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are small, cage-like devices placed percutaneously into the inferior vena cava to prevent propagation of thrombus into the pulmonary arteries. Currently, there are two available types of filters, permanent and temporary. Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter use has increased over 115% since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 2009. Likewise, there has been a marked increase in complications related to their increased use. In 2014, the FDA initiated a comprehensive analysis of filter placement and issued the following recommendation: “The FDA recommends that implanting physicians and clinicians responsible for the ongoing care of patients with retrievable IVC filters consider removing the filter as soon as protection from pulmonary embolism is no longer needed.” Therefore, it is imperative that a hospital system develop a comprehensive approach to IVC filter placement and follow up to ensure good patient outcomes and comply with FDA mandates.
Keltner, Emily BS, MA; White, T. Eric MD; and Hollister, Lisa, "Inferior Vena Cava Filter Clinic and Hospital Registry: One Year Review" (2019). Parkview Heart Institute. 16.