Readmission rates after open heart surgery (OHS) remain an important clinical issue. The causes are varied, with identifying risk factors potentially providing valuable information to reduce healthcare costs and the rate of post-operative complications. This study aimed to characterize the reasons for 30-day hospital readmission rates of patients after open heart surgery.
All patients over 18 years of age undergoing OHS at a community hospital from January 2020 through December 2020 were identified. Demographic data, medical history, operative reports, post-operative complications, and telehealth interventions were obtained through chart review. Descriptive statistics and readmission rates were calculated, along with a logistic regression model, to understand the effects of medical history on readmission.
A total of 357 OHS patients met the inclusion criteria for the study. Within the population, 8.68% of patients experienced readmission, 10.08% had an emergency department (ED) visit, and 95.80% had an outpatient office visit. A history of atrial fibrillation (AFib) significantly predicted 30-day hospital readmissions but not ED or outpatient office visits. Telehealth education was delivered to 66.11% of patients.
The study investigated factors associated with 30-day readmission following OHS. AFib patients were more likely to be readmitted than patients without atrial fibrillation. No other predictors of readmission, ED visits, or outpatient office visits were found. Patients reporting symptoms of tachycardia, pain, dyspnea, or "other" could be at increased risk for readmission.
Rao, Varun Ashutosh; DeLeon, Genaro; Thamba, Aish; Flanagan, Mindy; Nickel, Kathleen; and Gray, Douglas MD, "A Retrospective Review of 30-Day Hospital Readmission Risk After Open Heart Surgery in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation" (2023). Medical Student Research. 17.