Longitudinal Associations Between Early Childhood Externalizing Behavior, Parenting Stress, and Child Media Use.
Limited research has examined bidirectional associations between modern media (e.g., smartphone, tablet) use and behavior in early childhood. This study aimed to test the hypotheses that, over 6 months, (H1) child externalizing behavior would predict later media use, mediated by parenting stress, and (H2) media use would predict later externalizing behavior. Participants included mothers and fathers from 183 heterosexual couples with a child 1-5 years old, followed for 6 months-assessed at baseline, 1, and 6 months. Frequency of child media use was assessed at baseline and 6 months through parent report across eight items (e.g., television [TV], smartphone, tablet use). Child externalizing behavior was assessed through the Child Behavioral Checklist, and parent stress through the Parenting Stress Index. Hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. Mothers were 31.8 (standard deviation [
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw
McDaniel, Brandon T. PhD and Radesky, Jenny S, "Longitudinal Associations Between Early Childhood Externalizing Behavior, Parenting Stress, and Child Media Use." (2020). Health Services and Informatics Research. 22.